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Prep, Year One and Year Two Curriculum Overview - Australian Curriculum

The following information outlines an overview of the year level descriptions for years prep, one and two. A more detailed overview can be accessed via the Australian curriculum website.

Prep Curriculum Overview

English

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read, and view spoken, written and multimodal texts in which the primary purpose is to entertain, as well as some texts designed to inform. These include traditional oral texts, picture books, various types of stories, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, multimodal texts and dramatic performances. They participate in shared reading, viewing and storytelling using a range of literary texts, and recognise the entertaining nature of literature.

Literary texts that support and extend prep students as beginner readers include predictable texts that range from caption books to books with one or more sentences per page. These texts involve straightforward sequences of events and everyday happenings with recognisable, realistic or imaginary characters. Informative texts present: a small amount of new content about familiar topics of interest; a small range of language features, including simple and compound sentences; mostly familiar vocabulary; known high-frequency words and single-syllable words that can be decoded phonically; and illustrations that strongly support the printed text.

Students create a range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including pictorial presentations, short statements, performances, recounts and poetry.

Maths

At the prep year level:

  • Understanding includes connecting names, numerals and quantities
  • Fluency includes counting numbers in sequences readily, continuing patterns, and comparing the lengths of objects directly
  • Problem Solving includes using materials to model authentic problems, sorting objects, and using familiar counting sequences to solve unfamiliar problems and discussing the reasonableness of the answer
  • Reasoning includes explaining comparisons of quantities, creating patterns, and explaining processes for indirect comparison of length

Science

In Foundation, students observe and describe the behaviours and properties of everyday objects, materials and living things. They explore change in the world around them, including changes that impact on them, such as the weather, and changes they can effect, such as making things move or change shape. They learn that seeking answers to questions and making observations is a core part of science and use their senses to gather different types of information. 

Year One Curriculum Overview

English

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read, view and interpret spoken, written and multimodal texts designed to entertain and inform. These encompass traditional oral texts including Aboriginal stories, picture books, various types of stories, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, dramatic performances, and texts used by students as models for constructing their own texts.
Literary texts that support and extend year 1 students as independent readers involve straightforward sequences of events and everyday happenings with recognisably realistic or imaginary characters. Informative texts present a small amount of new content about familiar topics of interest and topics being studied in other areas of the curriculum. These texts also present a small range of language features, including simple and compound sentences; some unfamiliar vocabulary; a small number of high-frequency words and words that need to be decoded phonically; sentence boundary punctuation; as well as illustrations and diagrams that support the printed text.
Students create a variety of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including recounts, procedures, performances, literary retellings and poetry.

Maths

At the year one level:

  • Understanding includes connecting names, numerals and quantities, and partitioning numbers in various ways
  • Fluency includes counting numbers in sequences readily forward and backwards, locating numbers on a line, and naming the days of the week
  • Problem Solving includes using materials to model authentic problems, giving and receiving directions to unfamiliar places, and using familiar counting sequences to solve unfamiliar problems and discussing the reasonableness of the answer
  • Reasoning includes explaining direct and indirect comparisons of length using uniform informal units, justifying representations of data, and explaining patterns that have been created

Science

In year 1, students infer simple cause and effect relationships from their observations and experiences, and begin to link events and phenomena with observable effects. They observe changes that can be large or small and happen quickly or slowly. They explore the properties of familiar objects and phenomena, identifying similarities and differences. Students begin to value counting as a means of comparing observations, and are introduced to ways of organising their observations. 

Year Two Curriculum Overview

English

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read, view and interpret spoken, written and multimodal texts in which the primary purpose is to entertain, as well as texts designed to inform and persuade. These encompass traditional oral texts, picture books, various types of print and digital stories, simple chapter books, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, multimodal texts, dramatic performances, and texts used by students as models for constructing their own work.
Literary texts that support and extend year 2 students as independent readers involve sequences of events that span several pages and present unusual happenings within a framework of familiar experiences. Informative texts present new content about topics of interest and topics being studied in other areas of the curriculum. These texts include language features such as varied sentence structures, some unfamiliar vocabulary, a significant number of high-frequency sight words and words that need to be decoded phonically, and a range of punctuation conventions, as well as illustrations and diagrams that both support and extend the printed text.
Students create a range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including imaginative retellings, reports, performances, poetry and expositions.

Maths

 At the year two level:

  • Understanding includes connecting number calculations with counting sequences, partitioning and combining numbers flexibly, identifying and describing the relationship between addition and subtraction, and between multiplication and division
  • Fluency includes counting numbers in sequences readily, using units iteratively to compare measurements, listing possible outcomes of chance events, and describing and comparing time durations
  • Problem Solving includes formulating problems from authentic situations, making models and using number sentences that represent problem situations, planning routes on maps, and matching transformations with their original shape
  • Reasoning includes using known facts to derive strategies for unfamiliar calculations, comparing and contrasting related models of operations, describing connections between 2-D and 3-D representations, and creating and interpreting simple representations of data

Science

In year 2, students describe the components of simple systems, such as stationary objects subjected to pushes or pulls, or combinations of materials, and show how objects and materials interact through direct manipulation. They observe patterns of growth and change in living things, and describe patterns and make predictions. They explore the use of resources from Earth and are introduced to the idea of the flow of matter when considering how water is used. They use counting and informal measurements to make and compare observations and begin to recognise that organising these observations in tables makes it easier to show patterns.

 

 Junior Curriculum